Prague is the capital of Czech Republic and is situated at the heart of Central Europe. The city has a long and colourful history, as a residence for Holy Roman Emperors, becoming the capital of Czechoslovakia and enduring Nazi and Soviet rule during the 20th Century up until the Velvet Revolution of 1989. Smaller than Budapest, cheaper than Berlin, and more to see than Krakow, Prague has something for everyone.
The Charles Bridge
The biggest and baddest attraction of them all, Charles Bridge is one of, if not the biggest attraction in Prague. Not only is this bridge fantastic in its own right, it functions as the heart of Prague’s Historic Centre. Head east from here to Old Town Square, and go west to reach the castle. No matter what else you do in Prague, you cannot miss this bridge!
Heading west from Charles Bridge, it’s impossible to miss Prague Castle. Perched atop a plateau overlooking the city, the castle complex includes the Presidential Palace, the Cathedral, a bunch of museums, and a self-contained highly scenic and very touristy Golden Lane (and formerly the home of the writer Franz Kafka!). While you’re up here, why not Czech out the hourly change over of the Presidential Guard!
The Astronomical Clock
Situated in the Old Town Square (see below), Prague’s 600 year old Astronomical Clock is the oldest still functioning clock of its kind in the world (3rd oldest overall!). Visit as the hour strikes to watch the Clock and its resident figures come to life. It can get pretty crowded, so come early or visit later in the day to avoid big queues.
The Lennon Wall
Situated on the western banks of the River Vitava, the John Lennon Wall has since the 1980s been covered in graffiti inspired by Lennon himself, or with lyrics from the Beatles. While you’re passing through for that obligatory Lennon Wall photo, you should head a little south and take in the views of Prague’s Old Town from Kampa Park.
Explore the parks of Prague
Prague has many beautiful, scenic and central parks spread over the city centre. Perfect for an afternoon stroll, west and north of the Vitava has some beautiful parks to visit. Climb to Petřín Lookout Tower in Petřínské Park for panorama vistas of the city. For those with more royal tastes, sample the Royal Gardens at Chotkovy Park under Prague Castle. Or head east, grab a beer from a vendor and chill with a view at Letná Beer Garden at Letná Park. If you’re staying south of the city centre do not despair! You can lie in the sun and taken in the city with the locals at Riegrovy Park. While you’re there, take a short walk over to the oddly decorated Žižkov TV Tower.
Wander through the Jewish Quarter
The Jewish population of Prague was, like many of its counterparts all over central and eastern Europe, decimated by the atrocities of the Nazi regime during WW2. To remember and commemorate the suffering, a museum complex has been developed over six notable buildings in the area. Well worth the cost of entry, you can explore each site and discover the tragic stories of the Jewish people who lived in Prague and their lives in nearby concentration camps.
Discover Prague’s 1,000 year Old Town Square
Prague’s Old Town district ticks all the boxes of a European historic centre; it has the narrow pretty paved streets, the medieval and baroque buildings, and gorgeous bouvelards abound to compete with Paris! Wander the Old Town’s streets, people watch at the Square, try out the absynth bars (mostly tourist traps, but still a must-do!) and take in the very best of what Prague has to offer here all year round.
Visit the UNESCO town Kutná Hora
If you’re staying in Prague for 3+ days, then we would recommend you take a day to visit Kutná Hora, a small city located an hour or so outside of Prague by train. There are two UNESCO churches and a beautiful historic town to explore in Czech’s national treasury. And let’s not forget the morbid Ossuary of Sedlec, a church decorated with thousands of human skulls and skeletal remains. Not for the faint of heart, but absolutely worth the visit! Since it’s located outside of the capital, the prices of food and drinks outside of the tourist traps are exceptionally cheap too!
Czech food is fantastic! Not content with just being delicious, food here is served in big portions, and are light on your wallet too. If you can find a good place, expect to pay between 6-10 Euro for awesome and filling meals. The Old Town is expectedly catered for tourists, so why not head down to Prague’s New Town and the residential parts of the city just east. When visiting a friend, we went to Na Břežance and were not disappointed!
Czech beer is fantastic. Czech wine is also fantastic. So anybody visiting Prague and hoping to sample local nightlife is in for a good time! A local and tourist favourite alike, Kozel will not let you down as you discover atmospheric pubs and crazy clubs to keep you dancing into the wee hours. The Old and New Towns are both excellent areas for nightlife, and if you visit Dlouhá třída you’ll have no problem finding a cool club! Our favourite bar is Vzorkovna on Narodni Trida, an awesome bar with a crazy cool design. It’s great for playing fussball or chilling under the stars (you’ll see what we mean when you visit!). During warmer weather, head to the city park, pick up some beers from the vendors there, and sit out under the evening sky and get your chill on!
While it may be one of Central Europe’s most modern cities, Prague’s accommodation costs reflect the city’s rapid economic development post-Soviet occupation. This means that, like the rest of the city, accommodation options can be very cheap, depending on when you visit! During off-season prices for hostels range between 5-9 Euro/night, with prices rising during high-season to 10-20 Euro on average. Hotels will naturally cost you more, and there are some amazing AirBnB options too. Camping is not recommended, as there are no camping grounds within the greater city centre.
Prague has a reliable and cheap public transport system, with metros, trams and busses to get you from point A to B if your feet are tired! Use the Pubtran app (Android only), or 2GIS (Android and Iphone) to find your way around hassle free, or just walk! Prague’s city centre is relatively small, so if you’re staying central then you shouldn’t need to use public transport aside from getting to and from the airport. By the way, the most cost effective way to do that is to take Bus 119 from the airport to the metro stop Nádraží Veleslavín, and ride the Metro along the A Line.
The Old Town
The city’s historic centre, with neck-craning sights and buildings abound! Great for walking tours in day, and pub crawls at night!
The New(ish) Town
Outside the city centre you’ll find glorious European architecture, cheap restruarants and bars, as well as quaint city parks and an odd TV Tower.
The Castle District
Explore narrow sweeping streets here north and south of the Charles Bridge.
An up-and-coming trendy neighbourhood north of Letná. Increasingly popular for the bohemian soul-searchers, visit here and explore Prague’s alternative scene.